One of the Earliest Science Fiction Books Was Written in the 1600s by a Duchess

Meet Lady Margaret Cavendish.

Margaret Cavendish, the Duchess of Newcastle. (Photo: Public Domain)

No one could get into philosophical argument with Lady Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and walk away unchanged. Born in 1623, Cavendish was an outspoken aristocrat who traveled in circles of scientific thinkers, and broke ground on proto-feminism, natural philosophy (the 17th century term for science), and social politics.

In her lifetime, she published 20 books. But amid her poetry and essays, she also published one of the earliest examples of science fiction. In 1666. She named it The Description of a New World, Called the Blazing World.

In the story, a woman is kidnapped by a lovesick merchant sailor, and forced to join him at sea. After a windstorm sends the ship north and kills the men, the woman walks through a portal at the North Pole into a new world: one with stars so bright, midnight could be mistaken for midday. A parallel universe where creatures are sentient, and worm-men, ape-men, fish-men, bird-men and lice-men populate the planet. They speak one language, they worship one god, and they have no wars. She becomes their Empress, and with her otherworldly subjects, she explores natural wonders and questions their observations using science.

read more

Advertisements

2 thoughts on “One of the Earliest Science Fiction Books Was Written in the 1600s by a Duchess

  1. This is really fascinating! What an imagination – so far ahead of her time!

    I find it interesting and wonder if there is any blood connection between her and Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, who was also a free thinking trailblazer. (Portrayed by Kiera Knightly in movie ‘The Duchess’.)

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s